Do you consider yourself European?

An approach to a key challenge faced by the European Union to foster and safeguard the European Identity of the youth

Cèlia Estruch Garcia, October 4, 2021.

Political Sciences – Social Sciences

Abstract: In recent years, a debate around the legitimacy of the European Union (EU) has gained relevance. Therefore, EU leaders have intensified the promotion of a European identity, as it is thought to be a necessary condition to guarantee the future viability of the common project. In this regard, several empirical studies have purported that young people are key actors in the prolongation of the EU integration process in the coming decades. Therefore, the objective of this article is to inspect the attachment and EU attitudes of the young European cohort, as well as to conduct a cohort comparison to discover whether there is a correlation between age and support towards the EU. The analysis, based on the data provided by the 91 Eurobarometer of 2019, empirically demonstrates the impact of different contextual and individual factors on the European identity of youngsters. Last of all, the statistical study reveals that young people’s attachment to the EU depends on the strength of their national identity, the participation in an Erasmus exchange, the benefit of European free mobility and their own country’s economic context.

Keywords. — European identity, young cohort, European Union

Disclaimer: The views, information and opinions in the written publications are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect those shared by the Eutopia Student Think Tank (EUSTT) nor the EUTOPIA Alliance.


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Cèlia Estruch Garcia

Cèlia Estruch finished a Bachelor’s Degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economy (UPF, UAM, UCIIIM) and will start a Postgraduate course in Data Analytics for Social Science at the University of Barcelona in October 2021.

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