UN's Sustainable Development Goal 16 in the West Bank: A study of justice and the Israeli annexation plan

Roger Brils Creus, October 26, 2021.

Social Sciences – Law

Abstract: This article is an extracted version of my thesis paper submitted at the University Pompeu Fabra in June 2021. If you are interested in the full version, please contact me via email:

My original Bachelor’s Dissertation entitled The UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 16 in the West Bank: A study of Justice and the Israeli Annexation Plan analyses a highly controversial topic regarding Israel’s latest government policies, questioning the legal aspects of Israeli actions over Palestinian and minority rights in the West Bank. This paper is divided into three parts. The first part of the paper focuses on the conditions of Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16) of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) and its implementation in Israel. Moreover, it examines the situation of SDG 16 and its corresponding Targets and Indicators in the region, together with a legal analysis of the recommendations. In the second part, some of the recommendations regarding Israeli policies in the West Bank extracted from my thesis will be explored. The conclusion examines how Israel should handle SDG 16 in the future, addressing the issues of ‘Justice, peace, and strong institutions’, and providing recommendations for the country that could serve as a guideline for action.

Keywords. — Israel; Palestine; Annexation Plan; West Bank; Sustainable Development Goals; SDG 16; Justice, peace, and strong institutions; International Law; United Nations; International community

Disclaimer: The views, information and opinions in the written publications are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect those shared by the Eutopia Student Think Tank (EUSTT) nor the EUTOPIA Alliance.

Al-Haq. (2019). PHROC Condemns Israeli Imposed Movement Restrictions and Travel Ban against Amnesty International Staff Laith Abu Zeyad. Retrieved from 

Bercovitch, J. (1992). The Structure and Diversity of Mediation in International Relations. In Mediation in international relations (pp. 1-29). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations, (2020). Nine Years of Bloodshed. [online] Coventry: Baladna. Retrieved from:

Dowty, A. (2017). Israel/Palestine (p. 213). Polity.

Eisenberg, L., & Caplan, N. (2010). Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace (2nd ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions - SDG Tracker. (2021). Retrieved 29 from 

Samad, Z. A. (2016) Implementation of SDG 16 vital for the Middle East and North Africa: Spotlight on Sustainable Development, 116. Retrieved from: 

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Israel’s Victimization Survey. Retrieved from: ​​ 

Kacowicz, A., & Press-Barnathan, G. (2020). The Middle East and Peaceful Change. In The Oxford Handbook Of Peaceful Change In International Relations.McBurney, A. (2014). The new wave of Israel's discriminatory laws: The legal status of Palestinian Arab citizens of Israel over the last decade (p.43). Mossawa Center. Retrieved from: 

Moreno, A. P. (2020). El plan Trump: seguridad a cambio de bienestar. bie3: Boletín IEEE, (17), 700-724. Retrieved from: 

Ruys, T., & Corten, O. (Eds.). (2018). The use of force in international law: a case-based approach (p. 199). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 

UN (United Nations) General Assembly (UNGA). (2018). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories Occupied since 1967, UN Doc. A/HRC/37/75 (June 14, 2018). Human Rights.

UN (United Nations) General Assembly (UNGA). (2012). Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan, UN Doc. A/HRC/RES/19/17 (April 10, 2012). Human Rights.

UN (United Nations) General Assembly (UNGA). (2021). Joint written statement submitted by Al-Haq, Law in the Service of Man, Al Mezan Centre for Human Rights, Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, non-governmental organizations in special consultative status, UN Doc. A/HRC/46/NGO/22 (February 22, 2021). Human Rights.

UN (United Nations) General Assembly (UNGA). (2019). Situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, UN Doc. A/74/507 ()

UN (United Nations) International Agency Development (MASHAV), (2019). Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. National Review. [online] Jerusalem. Retrieved from: 

Vité, S. (2004). La aplicabilidad del derecho internacional de la ocupación militar a las actividades de las organizaciones internacionales. Versión castellana de “L'applicabilité du droit international de l'occupation militaire aux activités des organisations internationales”, in International Review of the Red Cross, 86(853), 9-35. Retrieved from: 

Roger Brils Creus

Roger Brils finished a Bachelor’s Degree in Global Studies (UPF) and is now studying a Bachelor in Law (UOC) and a MA in International Relations (University of Amsterdam).

Read another recommended article...