Three Explanations for the Unfavorable Views of China in Germany

Christoph Lhotka, June 3, 2022.

Social Sciences – International Affairs

Abstract: The Indo-Pacific region is arguably the new center of geopolitical and economic power. For this reason, established countries such as Germany are adapting their stances to regional realities. Stances towards China have been particularly fragile, which is why this inquiry aims to explain the negative public sentiment towards China in Germany while building upon public opinion trends and current international affairs literature. Based on a multilingual analysis, three key hypotheses for the negative views of Beijing in German politics and society are suggested. Despite their strong economic relationship, Sino-German relations have an ambivalent potential, mirroring a pan-European trend towards China. This approach constitutes a unique and factual insight as a multilingual and public analysis allows for new explanations for the geostrategic involvement of the second and fourth-largest economies in the world.

Keywords. — Indo-Pacific region, China–Germany relations, Foreign Affairs, International Relations

Disclaimer: The views, information and opinions in the written publications are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect those shared by the Eutopia Student Think Tank (EUSTT) nor the EUTOPIA Alliance.



Andronova, I., Sokolan, D., & Fedyakina, L. (2021). Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in High-Technology Sectors of the European Union. Lecture Notes In Networks And Systems, 1922-1930.


Bian, S., & Emons, O. (2017). Chinese investments in Germany: increasing in line with Chinese industrial policy. In J. Drahokoupil, Chinese investment in Europe: corporate strategies and labour relations (pp. 157-179). ETUI. 


Chowdhry, S. & Felbermayr, G. (2020). The US-China trade deal and its impact on China's key trading partners. Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).


Dempsey, J. (2020). Germany Needs to End Hungary and Poland’s Blackmail. Retrieved 18 March 2021, from


Durand, F., Decoville, A. & Knippschild, R. (2017). Everything All Right at the Internal EU Borders? The Ambivalent Effects of Cross-Border Integration and the Rise of Euroscepticism. Geopolitics, 25(3), 587-608.


Ewing, J. (2014). A Brief History of Made in Germany. Germany's Economic Renaissance, 1- 14.


Havertz, R. (2018). Right-Wing Populism and Neoliberalism in Germany: The AfD’s Embrace of Ordoliberalism. New Political Economy, 24(3), 385-403.


Kennedy, S. (2015). Made in China 2025. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Retrieved 14 March 2021, from

Kent, A. (2019). China and the international multilateral human rights system. Handbook On Human Rights In China, 61-83.

Christoph Lhotka

Christoph Lhotka is a published author on the Indo-Pacific and has a Bachelors of Arts in International Affairs.