Three Explanations for the Unfavorable Views of China in Germany
Christoph Lhotka, June 3, 2022.
Social Sciences – International Affairs
Abstract: The Indo-Pacific region is arguably the new center of geopolitical and economic power. For this reason, established countries such as Germany are adapting their stances to regional realities. Stances towards China have been particularly fragile, which is why this inquiry aims to explain the negative public sentiment towards China in Germany while building upon public opinion trends and current international affairs literature. Based on a multilingual analysis, three key hypotheses for the negative views of Beijing in German politics and society are suggested. Despite their strong economic relationship, Sino-German relations have an ambivalent potential, mirroring a pan-European trend towards China. This approach constitutes a unique and factual insight as a multilingual and public analysis allows for new explanations for the geostrategic involvement of the second and fourth-largest economies in the world.
Keywords. — Indo-Pacific region, China–Germany relations, Foreign Affairs, International Relations
Disclaimer: The views, information and opinions in the written publications are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect those shared by the Eutopia Student Think Tank (EUSTT) nor the EUTOPIA Alliance.
Andronova, I., Sokolan, D., & Fedyakina, L. (2021). Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in High-Technology Sectors of the European Union. Lecture Notes In Networks And Systems, 1922-1930. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-69415-9_211
Bian, S., & Emons, O. (2017). Chinese investments in Germany: increasing in line with Chinese industrial policy. In J. Drahokoupil, Chinese investment in Europe: corporate strategies and labour relations (pp. 157-179). ETUI.
Chowdhry, S. & Felbermayr, G. (2020). The US-China trade deal and its impact on China's key trading partners. Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
Dempsey, J. (2020). Germany Needs to End Hungary and Poland’s Blackmail. carnegieeurope.eu. Retrieved 18 March 2021, from https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/83245.
Durand, F., Decoville, A. & Knippschild, R. (2017). Everything All Right at the Internal EU Borders? The Ambivalent Effects of Cross-Border Integration and the Rise of Euroscepticism. Geopolitics, 25(3), 587-608. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2017.1382475
Ewing, J. (2014). A Brief History of Made in Germany. Germany's Economic Renaissance, 1- 14. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137340542_1
Havertz, R. (2018). Right-Wing Populism and Neoliberalism in Germany: The AfD’s Embrace of Ordoliberalism. New Political Economy, 24(3), 385-403. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2018.1484715
Kennedy, S. (2015). Made in China 2025. Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Retrieved 14 March 2021, from https://www.csis.org/analysis/made-china-2025.
Kent, A. (2019). China and the international multilateral human rights system. Handbook On Human Rights In China, 61-83. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781786433688.00012
Christoph Lhotka is a published author on the Indo-Pacific and has a Bachelors of Arts in International Affairs.